Hoi An (會 安) translates as “peaceful meeting place”. It is on the lower section of the Thu Bon River system, in the coastal plain of Quang Nam province, just 30 km to the southeast of Da Nang city.
Hoi An is located at latitudes 15o15’26” – 15o55’15” North and longitudes 108o17’08” – 108o23’10” East and shares the borders with Duy Xuyen district in the South, Dien Ban district in the West and North and the Pacific ocean (the East sea) in the East.
“Where in the world could remain such a cristine ancient beauty after nearly 300 circles of the four seasons? It is Hoi An – the famous Old Town in Mid Southern Vietnam…”
Distance: from Da Nang, Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi to Hoi An is 30km, 950km and 775km respectively.
• Annual average temperature: 25.6oC
• Percentage of humidity: 82%
• Average annual rainfall: 2,066 mm
Nature area: 6027.25 ha (60sq.km)
Population: 86.925 people (in 2007)
Hoi An is a land rich in historical traditions and cultural revolutionary , crystallized through the ages and was known on the international market with many different names like Lam Ap , Hoai Pho Faifo , Hoi An … Due to its favorable geographical features, more than 2000 years ago , this land has existed and developed late Sa Huynh culture . The result of archaeological research in 4 burial monuments ( An Bang , Hau Xa I, Hau Xa II , Xuan Lam ) and 5 of residence ( Hau Xa I, Trang Gravel, Na Dong , Thanh Chiam , Bau Da ) , with various types of typical burial jar , production tools , work tool, wonderful jewelry crafted of stone , ceramic , glass , metal … were taken from the ground that asserted the flourishing period of the Sa Huynh culture. In particular, the discovery of two Chinese coins (Pentateuch, Wang Mang), the Western Han Dynasty-style iron artifacts, the shadow of Dong Son, Oc Eo culture, or jewelries with refined processing technique in the excavated hole proved an interesting thing that in early AD, foreign trade was very firrst – built in Hoi An.
Under the kingdom of Champa (9-10 century), named Lam Ap Pho, Hoi An was a port in deleveloping which attracting merchants from Arab, Persia, China to trade and exchange goods. Accoring to many ancient bibliographies, there was a long time that Champa port – Lam Ap Pho played an important role in creating the prosperity of Tra Kieu – the first capital of the Champa Kingdom and My Son sanctuary. With the ruins of Champa towers, wells and statues (the dancer Thien Tien Gandhara, the wealth god Kubera, the elephant god …) and pieces of Chinese ceramics, Vietnam, Middle East from the 2nd-14th century is taken up from the ground. It is desmonstrated an assumption that there was a Lam Ap Pho (the Cham Pa) before Hoi An (the Dai Viet) at Champa port in its flourishing period.
Also, thanks to favorable water environment, coupled with numerous internal – external factors from the 16th century to the 19th century, urban areas – trading port of Hoi An was reborn and in thriving development. Because of the atttraction of this port, along with “Silk Road”, “Ceramic road” were formed before on the waterway, merchant ships from China, Japan, India, Thailand, Portugal, Vietnam, UK, France … flocked to trade.
According to historical documents, the number of vessels entering the harbor so much crowded, the goods were diversified. During this period, Hoi An was an international commercial port flourished in most of countries and Southeast Asia, a major economic base of the Nguyen dynasty also.
From the late 19th century, influenced by many adverse factors, “Hoi An sailboat port ” gradually declined and then disappeared , leaving its historic role for ” young mechanic port” in Da Nang. But due to that, Hoi An could avoid a variation from the impact of modern urbanization to keep preserving an urban architectural ensemble unique and great till now.
During 117 years of resistance against foreign invasion (1858-1975), thousands of Hoi An people who fell down for the independence and unification of Viet Nam. Many local regions and some of Hoi An people have been awarded the title of “Hero”
On August22,1998, Hoi An was awarded the title of “Hero of the People’s Armed Forces”. More than a year later on December 4, 1999, United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization has enter Hoi An’s name to the World Heritage and Cultural List on August24, 2000, Hoi An was again awarded the title “Hero of Socialist Labor” in the renovation period.
Main holidays throughout the year
• Western New Tear Day: 1st January
• Lunar New Year: 1st of lunar January
• Boat Racing Festival: 2nd of lunar January
• Cau Bong Festival: 7th of lunar January
• Thu Bon worshiping Festival: 12th of lunar February
• Whale worshiping Festival: 20th of lunar March
• Thien Hau worshiping Festival: 23rd of lunar March
• Doan Ngo Festival: 5th of lunar May
• Thanh Ha pottery village: 10th of lunar July
• Long Chu Festival: 15th of lubar January and July
• Vu Lan Day: 14th, 15th of lunar July
• Mid-autumn Festival: 15th of lunar August
Get in and get out
You can travel to Hoi An by bus, train or flight from Ha Noi (Train and flight stop at Danang).
From Ho Chi Minh City
You can travel to Hoi An by bus, train or flight from Ho Chi Minh City (Train and flight stop at Danang).
You can travel to Hoi An by bus, train from Hue (train stop at Danang).
You can get around Hoi An by walk, cycle, motorbike, taxi.
Places to visit
Hoi An acient town
Tra Que Village
An Bang beach
Cham Island (Cu Lao Cham)
Phạm Phan Hoàng Kim